The pages so far are an introduction to panoramic sensing, and how it neutralises wanting. I hope that now the reader will return to Chapter One and try panoraming for themsleves.

The following sections are intended only for people with a deeper interest in the origins and development of the word Dukkha, and its development in the First Truth of the Mahāsatipaṭṭhāna Sutra, (the most detailed version of the Four Noble Truths in the Pali scriptures).

My interpretation is that Buddha's First, Second, and Third Noble Truth discuss spiritual suffering, and the dissociation of an individual from their true Dharma.

The proof of this interpretation lies in the Second and Third Truths, which are concerned exclusively with a discussion of the Aggregates. These Truths are pure psychology, and there is absolutely no mention of any examples of worldly suffering.

But in the First Truth "What is Dukkha? – What is Suffering?", there is only one small piece of evidence to support this metaphysical idea. The First Truth emphasises various forms of common worldly suffering: illness, old age, death, sorrow, lamentation, pain, grief and distress, and the suffering of not getting what you want, and getting what you don't want.

The extreme forms of Dukkha – suffering, clinging and craving – make Buddha's message concrete, but they diminish its universal application.

I believe this has confused countless generations of Buddhists.

Buddha found the truth about fulfillment in life – not only the truth about worldly suffering, clinging and craving.

The Dukkha of Getting what one Wants

It is of great significance that The Second and Third Truths discuss the aggregates relationship to pleasure and wanting. They discuss the origins and cessation of Dukkha. The dukkha of getting what one wants.

This has almost no connection to the idea in the First Truth of "the association with something that one does not like is suffering, the disassociation with something that one does like is suffering". Everyone already know that not getting what you want, and getting what you don't want, is bad news. It hardly takes a Buddha to tell us this!

I appreciate that through seeking and following the truth, all forms of suffering can be alleviated, but why does The First Truth emphasise worldly suffering?

Buddhism is a remarkably versatile religion, but i believe it has specific and very simple, but far reaching truths which have been clouded over with the years.

In the following pages i discuss the original meaning and usage of the word Dukkha, and then analyse the First Noble Truth.

Here is a dividing line.

For me, the crucial point is finding Buddhists who want "Right Understanding"; and are willing to study the texts, think for themselves and check my ideas.

Beginners will not know the texts well enough to think critically. But then i suggest researching Wikipedia and a few Buddhist websites online, read the following essays, and then see what makes sense for yourself ...

Please continue with The historical origins of the wheel

Back to Chapter Four : Buddhism and Wheels